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Russia realising Bologna: two-tied system passed

Russia, a 2003 Bologna Process signatory, has taking a large step in higher education cycle reform. In early March, the Russian government approved a draft law on switching to a two-tierd university system, comprised of distinct bachelor and master courses. Under this bill, bachelor and master courses will be independent higher education levels, offering separate diplomas, and meeting specific certification and qualification rules. Up until now, the bachelor cycle was simply considered a terminal track under Russian legislation and a two-level system had no legal grounding. Degrees were often awarded in an un-ruptured five or six year block. Five years could in some fields be equated with a ‘Specialist’ degree (essentially a bachelor degree) and six year degrees with a master (‘Candidate’). Professors of disciplines such as physics, mathematics, and chemistry have been resistant to the bachelor classification as they consider it insufficient when completed without the entire study cycle. The new bill will require higher education institutions to obtain licenses, certification, and accreditation for each bachelor and master programme they offer. Russia’s education and science minister believes this reform will refocus budgetary funds in a more efficient manner and supply graduates with more labour-market appropriate degrees. The bill could come into effect as of 1 September 2007. The Bologna Process and it’s implication for Russia - RECEP
Press release
National Report on Russia’s Bologna adherence 2004-5