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The 2014 Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange by the Institute of International Education (IIE) has been released on 17 November, on the occasion of the 15th annual celebration of International Education Week. Produced with support from the US Department of State's Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs, the Open Doors Report provides a longstanding, comprehensive statistical analysis of academic mobility between the United States and the nations of the world, featuring graphic displays, data maps, tables, figures, and policy-oriented analysis concerned with the explosive growth in the worldwide movement of students around the globe.
According to the report, American campuses have never been more international as today. In 2013-2014, US colleges enrolled a record 886 052 foreign students, an increase of 8% over the previous year. Chinese students account for almost 60% of the foreign-student growth at American colleges. But while decade ago, more than 80% of the Chinese students in the US were at the graduate level, today they are only around 50%. In contrast, over the past three years, Indian enrolments have declined. While India used to be the largest source country of international students, it is now only the second, with a growth of 6%. The other countries with the largest percentage growth in international students, are Kuwait (43%), Brazil (22%), and Saudi Arabia (21%).
On the other hand American students going abroad remain relatively few - if compared with the share of the overall US college population - and the number of students going overseas increased by just 2% in 2012-13. The number of students studying abroad still represents just about 1% of all US students enrolled at institutions of higher education in the United States and under 10% of US graduates. An interesting data is that for the first time more students going abroad are studying STEM disciplines, showing that other geographical areas are slowly becoming a more interesting pole of attraction for scientific subjects.
The Open Doors data have been used also for the NAFTA annual analysis on the economic benefits of spending by international students and their dependents to the US economy. Thesa data show that international students and their families at universities and colleges across the country supported 340 000 jobs and contributed USD 26.8 billion to the national economy during the 2013-2014 academic year. This is an 8.5% increase in job support and creation, and a nearly 12% increase in dollars contributed to the economy from the previous academic year.