The 2017 Open Doors Report on International Educational Exchange data was just released on November 13 by IIE and the U.S. Department of State Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs. This year’s report shows the number of international students in the United States increasing by three percent over the prior year, and the number of American students studying abroad increased by four percent from the prior year. In 2016/17, for the second consecutive year, U.S. colleges and universities hosted more than one million international students, reaching a record high of 1.08 million. While the overall number of international students studying in the United States has increased, the number of new international students – those enrolled at a U.S. institution for the first time in fall 2016, declined by nearly 10,000 students to about 291,000, a three percent decrease from the previous year. This is the first time that these numbers have declined in twelve years.