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Governments and Transnational Education: Challenges and opportunities in Asia

Dr Christopher Hill, Syed Dur Abbas Razvi. Governments and TNE: Challenges and opportunities in Asia. The Observatory on Borderless Higher Education, May 2015. 
If Greece was the cradle of democracy, then perhaps Asia is the cradle of transnational education (TNE). The rapid expansion of TNE programmes, agreements and options in this part of the world has ensured a significant focus on opportunity and development but less on impact and legacy. What is becoming increasingly clear is the need for a strategic rationale underpinning TNE development and a more fundamental understanding of the manner in which it impacts upon employability and local education.
This paper will discuss five Asian nations and territories- Malaysia, Singapore, Hong Kong, Japan and South Korea- in an attempt to highlight the differing approaches in place to TNE development, the mechanisms for control and key lessons that emerge. It will explore the link between education strategy and the state’s role in development. It will also examine policy design and drive for change in light of practical and operational challenges of growth, partnership and impact. This paper will analyse to what extent TNE is shaped by, or indeed shapes, government policy and action in Asia.