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Aghion, P. et al., Higher aspirations: An agenda for reforming European universities, Bruegel, Brussels, 2008. ISBN 978-9-078910-07-7. Pages 70.
Bruegel, a European think tank devoted to international economics, published a study in its Blueprint Series to look at why European universities seem to be underperforming in the light of the Shanghai ranking. The study comes to the conclusion that
Higher aspirations is a bewildering study. It is full of some well-known mantras of educational economics. It has some difficulties with the facts, for example when it confuses the Lisbon Agenda with the European Research Area and when it claims, against all international statistics, that student mobility is low in Europe. But it also displays some fresh thinking and some unexpected insights.