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According to the report, the size of the global middle class will increase from 1.7 billion in 2011 to 4.9 billion in 2030, and two thirds of it will come from the Asia-Pacific region. In 2025, China will still be the largest supplier of international students, followed by India, Nigeria, Germany and Saudi Arabia. Other leading places of origin will include France, Turkey, South Korea and Pakistan. India is expected to have the largest youth population in 2025, followed by China, Indonesia, Nigeria, the US and Pakistan. Looking even further, in 2078 Africa will be home to more young people than any other region in the world, surpassing even Asia. The countries with the largest youth populations are expected to see the largest growth in demand for higher education.
Due to negative demographic trends, Russia, South Korea, Germany, Italy and Japan will find themselves on the opposite end of the spectrum, with declining levels of tertiary enrolment. Many of these countries are already implementing policies to promote international education in order to compensate for the decrease in student numbers.