Edition 64 - August 2006

Bologna process: Comparing adaptations of European higher education systems

Change of degrees and degrees of change: comparing adaptations of European higher education systems in the context of the Bologna process, J. Witte, Enschede, Center for Higher Education and Policy Studies (CHEPS), 2006, ISBN 90 365 2382 6

The Bologna process is often associated with increasing similarity among European higher education systems in general and national degree structures in particular. However, this study by Johanna Witte of the German think tank Centre for higher education development (CHE), finds only slight convergence so far. In a detailed analysis of seven dimensions, it maps and compares the changes of national degree structures and concomitant adaptations in the higher education systems of Germany, the Netherlands, France, and England between 1998 and 2004. In addition to national degree structures, the analysis includes the relationship between different types of higher education institutions, curricular governance, curricula, access, transition to employment, and funding. The study shows how policy change was shaped by different national starting points for reform and the capabilities, preferences, and perceptions of major actors and their interaction in the policy formulation process.

This book targets researchers of higher education studies and comparative policy as well as policy makers and practitioners involved in the Bologna reforms.

Change of degrees and degrees of change: comparing adaptations of European higher education systems in the context of the Bologna process

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